Karaoke Terminology

Karaoke
Originally meaning “without orchestra”, it is a combination of Japanese “kara” meaning “empty/bare-handed” as in “karate”, and the “okee” sound from the first syllable of “orchestra” as pronounced by Japanese.

CDG/CD&G
A CDG or CD+G are the same thing and the terms can be used interchangeable. It stands for Compact Disc + Graphics and is the standard format for most English karaoke discs. These discs can either be played on a karaoke machine that supports CDG or in a regular player that can play CDs. Keep in mind that you will not be able to see any words on your screen if you play CDGs in a CD player.

MP3G
MP3G is the newest format for karaoke music. There are 2 files stored on the disc, an MP3 file and a Graphics file. An MP3 is a compressed audio file. The graphics file is what you see on the screen. This format has the advantage of having a lot more songs on one disc compared to a CDG since MP3 files are a lot smaller than CDG files.

AVC
When the AVC function is activated, the vocals on a multiplex recording are eliminated as soon as the singer begins singing into the microphone. When the singer stops singing, the vocals on the multiplex recording are automatically re-activated. This useful function is used primarily during practice sessions while a singer is learning a song. Please note that the AVC function only works with multiplex recordings and not with standard audio recordings

Digital Key Control
The digital key control is a very useful feature found in virtually all karaoke systems. It allows the key of the music to be adjusted up or down by small increments without affecting the tempo of the song.

Echo
Adds depth and resonance to a singer’s voice. This is accomplished by creating minor controlled feedback in the singer’s voice.

Tone Control
Controls Bass and Treble sound

Multiplex
This is a disc with a split track. The left channel of the track has the vocal recording and the right channel of the track has the instrumental recording. This gives you the option of turning the vocals on or off on a karaoke player as the player will switch from left channel mono sound to right channel mono sound. When played on a regular CD player you will hear both the vocals and instrumentals.

Omni Directional Microphone
Omnidirectional microphones are microphones that pick up sound with equal gain from all sides or directions of the microphone. This means that whether a user speaks into the microphone from the front, back, left or right side, the microphone will record the signals all with equal gain

A/V Outputs
The A/V Outputs are generally on the back of most karaoke systems which allow connectivity to a TV or Monitor with RCA Cables. Typically the A/V outputs are color coded – red, white and yellow and labeled as video and audio (l and r).

RCA Cables
A RCA cable is a cable with red, white, and yellow colored plugs at the ends of the cable. This cable is usually used to connect the audio and video from the karaoke machine to your TV